kitasamakita – Every nation in the world must dream of their country becoming a developed country, including us as the Indonesian nation. But when viewed from various indicators of a developed country such as a low population growth rate with high quality human resources, a strong economy characterized by high per capita income, as well as mastery of technology and industrial progress, Indonesia is still far from the advanced category.
We certainly have high expectations about developed countries, but what we need to know is that these countries also have their own dark side. There is a social phenomenon that is being experienced by the community.
What are these phenomena?
- Honjok, Korean people who choose to live as loners
Today who doesn’t know about Kpop or Kdrama? Indeed, not everyone is K-Popers, but at least they still know what Kpop is and understand the term Korean Wave. Especially for Millennials and the generations below.
Kpop and Kdrama are proof of South Korea’s success in advancing its entertainment industry. Not only that, South Korea is also advanced in other industrial fields.
But behind the progress of the Ginseng Country, there is a unique phenomenon that is spreading in its society, namely Honjok. Honjok can be interpreted as an option to avoid socialization and live as a single loner. The honjok lifestyle can be seen from the many young Koreans who carry out daily activities alone, such as going to eat, drink, hang out and even have a vacation.
Reporting from the Korean Statistical Information Service, in 2016 there were more than 5 million Koreans who chose honjok as their lifestyle, this number reaching 28 percent of the total households in the country.
There are many factors that cause many South Korean youths to choose their own activities and live in silence, among them because of the high demands of studying and working so that they lack time for themselves.
In addition, it is also caused by the higher cost of living, which raises pessimism towards marriage and finally the honjok lifestyle often leads to the choice to live as single until old.
- Hikikomori, Japanese culture of isolation
There are similarities between Honjok in South Korea and Hikikomori in Japan, namely both withdrawing from social interactions, but it seems that Hikikomori is more acute.
If honjok is done by South Koreans by doing alone what is usually done in groups, hikikomori adherents can lock themselves up for months or even years in their room or house.
Hikikomori in Japan is triggered by differences in life views between the older and younger generations. The Japanese live with a disciplined work culture and impose a stressful lifestyle on their younger generations. So that there is often emotional friction between parents and their children.
Children who are unable to live according to the expectations of their parents will certainly feel devastated and think of themselves as failures. They feel sad, embarrassed, angry so they don’t dare to leave the house.
- Shibal Biyong, became wasteful because of depression
What happens if logically your income feels that you will not be able to buy a necessity even though you have to save for decades? Pessimistic, angry, frustrated, and finally giving up. This is what is currently being faced by most young people in South Korea, especially those from the middle to lower economic class.
Shibal Biyong is also a social phenomenon that is currently endemic in this kimchi country, namely the tendency of young people to spend their money lavishly. Because of frustration with the high prices of necessities of life, especially houses and vehicles.
It sounds quite strange, they want to have a house but instead they are having fun. They prefer to spend a lot of money on travel, food and entertainment. This is due to the feeling of being pessimistic about being able to buy a house and a car even though they have struggled to save money.